The universal motor is often referred to as an AC series motor. The universal motor is very similar to a DC series motor in construction, but is modified slightly to allow the motor to operate properly on AC power. This type of electric motor can operate well on AC because the current in both the field coils and the armature (and the resultant magnetic fields) will alternate (reverse polarity) synchronously with the supply. Hence the resulting mechanical force will occur in a consistent direction of rotation, independent of the direction of applied voltage, but determined by the commutator and polarity of the field coils.
Universal motors have high starting torque, can run at high speed, and are lightweight and compact. They are commonly used in portable power tools and equipment, as well as many house hold appliances. They're also relatively easy to control, electromechanically using tapped coils or electronically. However, the commutator has brushes that wear, so they are much less often used for equipment that is in continuous use. In addition, partly because of the commutator universal motors are typically noisy.
Even when used with AC power these types of motors are able to rotate at a frequency well above the mains supply frequency, and because most electric motor properties improve with speed, this means they can be lightweight and powerful. However, universal motors are usually relatively inefficient- around 30% for smaller motors and up to 70-75% for larger ones.
|Output Watts||40 to 1000 W|
|Voltage||24 to 264 V AC/DC|
|FL Speed||6000 to 12000 RPM|
|Torque||0.1 to 2 Nm|
|Insulation Class||B and F|
|Duty||S2 ( Short duty)|